• NORAZIZAH ADNAN Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia


mamut copper mine, employment, technology transfer, welfare


This paper discuss the development and social impact of Mamut Copper Mine in Sabah. The early history establishment of Mamut Copper Mine (MCM) started on 1965. Mamut Copper Mine is the largest copper mine in Malaysia. The end of the Pacific War caused Japan to look for countries in Asia to become joint venture partners and raw material needs. The economic relations of Japan and Sabah depend on each other to meet their respective needs. The result of this trust and interdependence has created cooperation between this two countries. This copper mine has had a positive impact on the social community in Sabah, especially the locals. Therefore, this paper would like to see the impact of Mamut Copper Mine from the social point of view of the community, especially in the field of employment, technology transfer and welfare of the people of Sabah in particular. The scope of the year of discussion was limited from 1960s which is the initial stage of the discovery of mineral resources until the 1990s because those years were the last years of the Mamut mine producing copper products.


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How to Cite

ADNAN, N. (2021). MAMUT COPPER MINE: DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL IMPACT ON SABAH SOCIETY 1960-1990. Quantum Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(2), 1–10. Retrieved from