RESIDENTS’ PERCEPTION ON AN INLAND PORT DEVELOPMENT IN NORTHERN BORDER OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA
Keywords:inland port, perception of residents, environmental factor, economic factor, social factor
The Bukit Kayu Hitam Inland Port which situated at the northern border of peninsular Malaysia will be completed in 2022, and it is capable of handling an annual throughput of 200,000 containers, alongside warehouses and cross-dock facilities for cargo consolidation and container stuffing. However, the Bukit Kayu Hitam Inland Port will be complete in 2022, this means that the inland port is still in the process of development, so we cannot directly get the impact of the development of Bukit Kayu Hitam Inland Port. Therefore, we can collect data through the online questionnaires that contain both closed-ended and multiple-choice questions on the Kubang Pasu residents’ perception, which includes the environmental factor, economic factor, and social factor towards the development of Bukit Kayu Hitam Inland Port. Questionnaires are administered to respondents from Kubang Pasu residents by using a simple random sampling technique to ensure that every unit in the population has an equal chance of being selected. A total of 382 samples were distributed, but only 267 samples were received due to the COVID-19 pandemics. The data analysed using Pearson Correlation coefficients, Multiple Linear Regression, and Independent Samples t-tests. Overall, Cronbach's Alpha score was 0.819. As a result, the findings indicated that the environmental factor and social factor (p=0.000<0.05) can show a significant relationship with the perception of residents. Meanwhile, the economic factor (p=0.612>0.05) cannot show a significant result. Besides, there is no significant mean difference in the residents’ perception between gender (p=0.968>0.05) and there is no significant mean difference in the residents’ perception between the educational level of residents (p=0.602>0.05). Lastly, the outcomes of this study are expected to improve the development of the inland port in Bukit Kayu Hitam and let more Kubang Pasu residents know about Bukit Kayu Hitam Inland Port.
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