• YAMMUNA SIVABALAN Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, Universiti Selangor, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • LIM SEONG PEK Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, Universiti Selangor, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • NA THINAMALAR MAGISWARY NADARAJAN Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, Universiti Selangor, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • HAFIZAH KUSNEK@KHUSNI Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, Universiti Selangor, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • MD ROSLI ISMAIL Cluster of Education and Social Sciences, Open University Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • RITA WONG MEE MEE Centre for Language, National Defence University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.




parental engagement, learning loss, academic achievement, children


This study proposes a conceptual model focusing on parental engagement to mitigate children's learning losses, particularly highlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic's educational disruptions. Recognizing the pandemic's impact, including widespread school closures and a swift transition to online learning, this model underscores the critical role of parents in addressing learning gaps. It integrates the Epstein Model of Parental Involvement with the Hoover-Dempsey and Sandler Model of Parent Involvement, aiming to enhance children's academic recovery through effective parental participation. The model emphasizes the importance of various parental involvement dimensions, including expectations, educational background, socioeconomic status, and digital engagement, as vital for supporting children's learning and development. It suggests that a strategic approach to parental engagement, informed by an understanding of social and cultural contexts, is essential for overcoming educational challenges and improving academic outcomes. The paper calls for further empirical research to validate and refine the model, advocating for studies that assess the impact of parental engagement strategies on mitigating learning losses. This research could significantly contribute to educational practices by providing insights into the role of parental engagement in fostering resilience and academic success amid post-pandemic recovery efforts.


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How to Cite

SIVABALAN, Y., PEK, L. S., NADARAJAN, N. T. M., KUSNEK@KHUSNI, H., ISMAIL, M. R., & MEE, R. W. M. (2024). A CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF PARENTAL ENGAGEMENT IN CHILDREN’S LEARNING LOSSES. Quantum Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5(3), 73–82. https://doi.org/10.55197/qjssh.v5i3.368