• BATRISYIA HIDAYAH BAHARUDDIN Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • MOHD AMZARI TUMIRAN Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • HAJAR OPIR Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia.



stress management, Islamic perspective, Islamic psychology, coping mechanism


Stress management involves recognising and utilising efficient coping strategies to minimise the adverse effects of stress on a person's general health. Since stress is an unavoidable aspect of life that can affect a person’s physical and mental health, Islam offers several stress management practices to assist individuals in coping with stress. The objective of this study is to refine stress management from an Islamic perspective. This study utilised a methodical approach in content analysis to analyse and retrieve pertinent data from different sources. This study presents findings and examines their significance within the context of Islamic teachings and contemporary concerns. The significant points of the Islamic perspective regarding stress management are, namely: (a) wholehearted prayer; (b) gratitude and acceptance; (c) consistent and mindful self-care; (d) responsible and supportive social connections; (e) resisting anger and patience; (f) sincere and earnest fasting; and (g) reflection and remembrance hymns. Conclusively, stress management from an Islamic viewpoint is a diverse field of research that includes many methods for handling stress.


Achour, M., Muhamad, A., Syihab, A.H., Mohd Nor, M.R., Mohd Yusoff, M.Y.Z. (2021): Prayer moderating job stress among Muslim nursing staff at the University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC). – Journal of Religion and Health 60: 202-220.

Ade, A.H., Zikra, Z. (2019): Students academic stress and implications in counseling. – Jurnal Neo Konseling 1(3): 7p.

Adriani, Y., Yustari, D. (2020): Religious Practices as Stress Management Among Young Muslims in Indonesia. – In: R. Latifa, S. Solicha, I. Amalia, D. Yustari, Y. Durachman (eds.) Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Religion and Mental Health, EAI, Jakarta, Indonesia 15p.

Aeby, G., Gauthier, J.A., Widmer, E.D. (2021): Patterns of support and conflict relationships in personal networks and perceived stress. – Current Sociology 69(7): 981-1001.

Al Baqi, S., Sholihah, A.M. (2019): Manfaat shalat untuk kesehatan mental: Sebuah pendekatan psikoreligi terhadap pasien muslim. – Qalamuna: Jurnal Pendidikan, Sosial, dan Agama 11(1): 83-92.

Al-Bukhari, A.A.M. (2023): Sahih al-Bukhari. – Dar al-Kotob al-Ilmiyah 660p.

Ansari, S., Kang, T.K. (2019): Stress of aged elderly: A review. – Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing 10(4-6): 162-165.

Aránega, A.Y., Sánchez, R.C., Pérez, C.G. (2019): Mindfulness' effects on undergraduates' perception of self-knowledge and stress levels. – Journal of Business Research 101: 441-446.

Arlt Mutch, V.K., Evans, S., Wyka, K. (2021): The role of acceptance in mood improvement during Mindfulness‐Based Stress Reduction. – Journal of Clinical Psychology 77(1): 7-19.

Armutcu, F. (2019): Fasting may be an alternative treatment method recommended by physicians. – Electronic Journal of General Medicine 16(3): 7p.

Arun, P.G., Thayill, J., Shetty, P., Ashwin, V.P. (2019): Deep relaxation technique improves sleep quality and reduces stress in healthy volunteers during fasting therapy. – IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences 18(12): 56-62.

Azarnioshan, B., Naderi, H., Shojaee, A.A., Asghariganji, A. (2019): The mediating role of resilience in the relationship between perceived parenting styles and anger management. – International Journal of School Health 6(3): 1-6.

Bains, G., Moh, M., Lohman, E., Daher, N., Silver, S., Zamora, F., Berk, L. (2020): Four weeks of acute intermittent fasting enhances body composition and decreases stress levels in healthy individuals: A pilot study. – The FASEB Journal 34(S1): 1p.

Balasch, J.C., Tort, L. (2019): Netting the stress responses in fish. – Frontiers in Endocrinology 10: 12p.

Bedrov, A., Gable, S.L. (2023): Thriving together: the benefits of women's social ties for physical, psychological and relationship health. – Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 378(1868): 8p.

Berthelot, E., Etchecopar-Etchart, D., Thellier, D., Lancon, C., Boyer, L., Fond, G. (2021): Fasting interventions for stress, anxiety and depressive symptoms: A systematic review and meta-analysis. – Nutrients 13(11): 13p.

Bonde, E.H., Fjorback, L.O., Juul, L. (2019): A lack of systematic in stress-reducing measures but documented effect of mindfullness-based stress reduction. – Ugeskrift for Laeger 181(34): V12180882-V12180882.

Burns, L., Weissensteiner, J.R., Cohen, M. (2019): Supportive interpersonal relationships: A key component to high-performance sport. – British Journal of Sports Medicine 53(22): 1386-1389.

Caragol, J.A., Johnson, A.R., Kwan, B.M. (2022): A gratitude intervention to improve clinician stress and professional satisfaction: A pilot and feasibility trial. – The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine 57(2): 103-116.

Che Wan Mohd Rozali, W.N.A., Ishak, I., Mat Ludin, A.F., Ibrahim, F.W., Abd Warif, N.M., Che Roos, N.A. (2022): The impact of listening to, reciting, or memorizing the Quran on physical and mental health of muslims: Evidence from systematic review. – International Journal of Public Health 67(33): 10p.

Chin, B., Lindsay, E.K., Greco, C.M., Brown, K.W., Smyth, J.M., Wright, A. G., Creswell, J.D. (2019): Psychological mechanisms driving stress resilience in mindfulness training: A randomized controlled trial. – Health Psychology 38(8): 759-768.

Deichert, N.T., Fekete, E.M., Craven, M. (2021): Gratitude enhances the beneficial effects of social support on psychological well-being. – The Journal of Positive Psychology 16(2): 168-177.

Di Giuseppe, M., Orrù, G., Gemignani, A., Ciacchini, R., Miniati, M., Conversano, C. (2022): Mindfulness and defense mechanisms as explicit and implicit emotion regulation strategies against psychological distress during massive catastrophic events. – International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19(19): 10p.

Dissing, A.S., Jørgensen, T.B., Gerds, T.A., Rod, N.H., Lund, R. (2019): High perceived stress and social interaction behaviour among young adults. A study based on objective measures of face-to-face and smartphone interactions. – PloS ONE 14(7): 8p.

Doyle, J.N., Campbell, M.A., Gryshchuk, L. (2021): Occupational stress and anger: Mediating effects of resiliency in first responders. – Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology 36: 463-472.

Ellwardt, L., Wittek, R.P., Hawkley, L.C., Cacioppo, J.T. (2020): Social network characteristics and their associations with stress in older adults: Closure and balance in a population-based sample. – The Journals of Gerontology: Series B 75(7): 1573-1584.

Ensminger, D.C., Salvador-Pascual, A., Arango, B.G., Allen, K.N., Vázquez-Medina, J.P. (2021): Fasting ameliorates oxidative stress: A review of physiological strategies across life history events in wild vertebrates. – Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 256: 14p.

Faizah, M.M., Arifin, S.S. (2023): Konsep tawakal dalam al-Qur’an dan relevansinya terhadap pendidikan. – PUTIH: Jurnal Pengetahuan Tentang Ilmu dan Hikmah 8(2): 1-14.

Fauzi, A., Jumaela, A., Rohmiyati, Y., Nasrudin, A. (2022): Do professional teachers not experience stress? How does Islamic perspective manage stress? – Nidhomul Haq: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam 7: 255-266.

Fryburg, D.A. (2022): Kindness as a stress reduction–health promotion intervention: a review of the psychobiology of caring. – American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine 16(1): 89-100.

Ginty, A.T., Tyra, A.T., Young, D.A., John-Henderson, N.A., Gallagher, S., Tsang, J.A.C. (2020): State gratitude is associated with lower cardiovascular responses to acute psychological stress: A replication and extension. – International Journal of Psychophysiology 158: 238-247.

Guldas, F.Z. (2021): Cognitive-behavioral-related prayer types and mental health relations among muslim samples. – Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi 25(1): 437-454.

Hasim, R., Samaeng, A., Dahlan, A., Samaeng, R. (2023): Scoping review on the benefits of reciting, listening and memorising the Quran. – Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal 8(25): 37-43.

Herdiansyah, D., Ramadhan, S., Farid, M., Asmuni, A., Masyitoh, M., Ernyasih, E., A’la Al Maududi, A., Dihartawan, D. (2021): Relationship of prayer with mental health. – Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 1(1): 981-986.

Hidayat, B., Rahman, A.A., Nugroho, S., Leybina, A.V., Muliadi, R., Listyani, N., Lubis, L.T. (2023): Al-Qur’an and dzikir: Are they effective to overcome anxiety caused by COVID-19 as a pandemic condition?. – Psikis: Jurnal Psikologi Islami 9(1): 61-76.

Hidayati, L.N., Harsono, M. (2021): Review of the literature on stress in the organization. – Journal of Management Science 18(1): 20-30.

Husniati, R., Setiawan, C., Nurjanah, D. (2023): Relevansi taubat dengan kesehatan mental dalam Islam. – Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Ushuluddin 3(1): 93-119.

Iskandar, I., Hatta, K., Azhar, A. (2020): Dhikrullah vibration as stimulus of social behavior change. – Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal 3(3): 2412-2420.

Jerg-Bretzke, L., Limbrecht-Ecklundt, K., Walter, S., Spohrs, J., Beschoner, P. (2020): Correlations of the “Work–Family Conflict” with occupational stress-a cross-sectional study among university employees. – Frontiers in Psychiatry 11: 10p.

Kalaitzaki, A., Tsouvelas, G., Koukouli, S. (2021): Social capital, social support and perceived stress in college students: The role of resilience and life satisfaction. – Stress and Health 37(3): 454-465.

Karpova, E.A., Drynkina, T.I. (2022): Stress resistance, coping strategies and change management in situations of uncertainty. – Scientific Notes of the St. Petersburg University of Management Technologies and Economics (3): 245-254.

Khosim, N. (2022): Dhikr al-Mawt and his interest in human development. – Journal of Islamic, Social, Economics and Development 7(50): 91-100.

Kumar, D.P., Verma, H., Dube, P. (2019): Moderating role of the gender and religiosity on the relationship between gratitude and stress. – International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering 8(9): 2278-3075.

Kusumadiyanti, E.I., Darmawan, R.E., Lestari, S. (2021): Dhikr and wudu as therapy on spiritual distress in hypertension patients. – Jendela Nursing Journal 5(2): 64-73.

Lähdepuro, A., Savolainen, K., Lahti-Pulkkinen, M., Eriksson, J.G., Lahti, J., Tuovinen, S., Kajantie, E., Pesonen, A.K., Heinonen, K., Räikkönen, K. (2019): The impact of early life stress on anxiety symptoms in late adulthood. – Scientific Reports 9(1): 14p.

Lendra, E. (2022): Hakikat taubat dan implementasinya menurut Abu Al-Qasim Al-Qusyairi. – Jurnal Al-Aqidah 14(1): 74-82.

Lu, S., Wei, F., Li, G. (2021): The evolution of the concept of stress and the framework of the stress system. – Cell Stress 5: 76-85.

Masa’deh, R., Masadeh, O.M., Momani, A., Jarrah, S., Al Shabatat, S.H., Alshawabkeh, G.A., Hamaideh, S.H. (2021): The effect of anger management program on perceived stress of healthcare professionals: A quasi-experimental study. – Nursing Practice Today 8(4): 303-312.

Maslahat, M.M., Laila, V.N. (2022): Dhikr therapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders in adolescents. – Psikis: Jurnal Psikologi Islami 8(1): 1-7.

Massoud, R., Sharifan, A., Massoud, A. (2020): Religious fasting; the purgation of soul and body. – Journal of Fasting & Health 8(1): 17-22.

McKimmie, B.M., Butler, T., Chan, E., Rogers, A., Jimmieson, N.L. (2020): Reducing stress: Social support and group identification. – Group Processes & Intergroup Relations 23(2): 241-261.

Micklitz, K., Wong, G., Howick, J. (2021): Mindfulness-based programmes to reduce stress and enhance well-being at work: a realist review. – BMJ Open 11(3): 16p.

Mohd Zawawi, N.I., Md. Sham, F., Ismail, A. (2019): Stres menurut sarjana barat dan Islam. – International Journal of Islamic Thought 16: 85-97.

Murdoch, E.M., Chapman, M.T., Crane, M., Gucciardi, D.F. (2023): The effectiveness of self‐distanced versus self‐immersed reflections among adults: Systematic review and meta‐analysis of experimental studies. – Stress and Health 39(2): 255-271.

Nakajima, M., al’Absi, M. (2021): Influences of fasting on stress response and withdrawal symptoms in habitual Khat users. – European Addiction Research 27(1): 49-57.

Nihayah, Z., Layyinah, L., Lubis, N.N.A., Mulyati, S., Puri, V.G.S., Rahmani, I.S. (2023): Patience in reducing working mother’s stress during pandemic of COVID-19. – Psikis: Jurnal Psikologi Islami 9(1): 137-144.

Olendzki, N., Elkins, G.R., Slonena, E., Hung, J., Rhodes, J.R. (2020): Mindful hypnotherapy to reduce stress and increase mindfulness: A randomized controlled pilot study. – International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 68(2): 151-166.

Pascoe, M.C., Hetrick, S.E., Parker, A.G. (2020): The impact of stress on students in secondary school and higher education. – International Journal of Adolescence and Youth 25(1): 104-112.

Qur’an (2021): The Quran: Arabic Text with English Meaning (Saheeh International). – NOOR International 604p.

Reza, I.F., Siregar, S.A., Aulia, N., Aziza, K.N., Apriansyah, A., Wulandari, D., Putra, F.A., Sabrina, H., Mastura, L., Maulana, M.G., Kurnia, M., Triana, W. (2021): Dhikr as psychotherapy to overcome academic stress of muslim youth. – Indonesian Journal of Behavioral Studies 1(1): 53-60.

Rochdiat, M.W., Hestu, E., Lestiawati, E. (2019): Dhikr as nursing intervention to reduce stress in health science students. – Indonesian Nursing Journal of Education & Clinic 4(1): 8p.

Roitenberg, N. (2021): Managing (im) patience of nurses and nurse's aides: Emotional labour and normalizing practices at geriatric facilities. – Sociology of Health & Illness 43(4): 995-1011.

Rosman, S.Z.R., Abd Razak, S.R., Ibrahim, S.Z., Mohamad, N. (2022): Repentance therapy in addressing the mental health effects of COVID-19. – The Sultan Alauddin Sulaiman Shah Journal 9(1): 76-85.

Sadeghi, K., Foroughi, A.A., Bazani, M., Amiri, S., Parvizifard, A. (2019): Effectiveness of self-help mindfulness on depression, anxiety and stress. – International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 5(4): 10-18.

Safeer, R., Cohen, T.M. (2021): Fostering social connectedness. – AORN Journal 114(5): P13-P16.

Safin, R.S. (2019): Philosophical and psychological aspects of the attitude towards death in Islam: Awareness of inevitability and overcoming fear. – Minbar: Islamic Studies 12(2): 571-584.

Samsualam, M. (2022): Dhikr and prayer guidance on peace of mind and blood pressure control. – Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology 16(2): 351-357.

Septiawan, T., Idris, M.T. (2021): The effect of dhikr relaxation techniques on stress level in hypertension patients literature review. – Proceedings of the International Conference on Nursing and Health Sciences 2(2): 89-106.

Sevel, L.S., Finn, M.T., Smith, R.M., Ryden, A.M., McKernan, L.C. (2020): Self‐compassion in mindfulness‐based stress reduction: An examination of prediction and mediation of intervention effects. – Stress and Health 36(1): 88-96.

Solianik, R., Žlibinaitė, L., Drozdova-Statkevičienė, M., Sujeta, A. (2020): Forty-eight-hour fasting declines mental flexibility but improves balance in overweight and obese older women. – Physiology & Behavior 223: 7p.

Strauss, C., Gu, J., Montero-Marin, J., Whittington, A., Chapman, C., Kuyken, W. (2021): Reducing stress and promoting well-being in healthcare workers using mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for life. – International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology 21(2): 10p.

Sucipto, A. (2020): Dzikir as a therapy in sufistic counseling. – Journal of Advanced Guidance and Counseling 1(1): 58-67.

Thaqib, A. (2021): Managing stress through Islamic perspective. – International Journal of Creative Research Thoughts 9(4): 1046-1048.

Tran, Y., Craig, A., Craig, R., Chai, R., Nguyen, H. (2020): The influence of mental fatigue on brain activity: Evidence from a systematic review with meta‐analyses. – Psychophysiology 57(5): 17p.

Turan, N. (2021): An investigation of the effects of an anger management psychoeducation programme on psychological resilience and affect of intensive care nurses. – Intensive and Critical Care Nursing 62: 10p.

Utami, M.S., Shalihah, M.A., Adhiningtyas, N.P., Rahmah, S., Ningrum, W.K. (2020): Gratitude Cognitive Behavior Therapy (G-CBT) to reduce college students’ academic stress. – Jurnal Psikologi 47(2): 137-150.

Utami, T.N. (2020): Meta-analysis study of tahajud prayer to reduce stress response. – International Journal of Advances in Medical Sciences 5(6): 1-7.

Uyun, Q., Kurniawan, I.N., Jaufalaily, N. (2019): Repentance and seeking forgiveness: The effects of spiritual therapy based on Islamic tenets to improve mental health. – Mental Health, Religion & Culture 22(2): 185-194.

van der Meulen, R.T., Valentin, S., Bögels, S.M., de Bruin, E.I. (2021): Mindfulness and self-compassion as mediators of the Mindful2Work Training on perceived stress and chronic fatigue. – Mindfulness 12: 936-946.

Vancheri, F., Longo, G., Vancheri, E., Henein, M.Y. (2022): Mental stress and cardiovascular health-part I. – Journal of Clinical Medicine 11(12): 17p.

Vogel, S., Schwabe, L. (2019): Stress, aggression, and the balance of approach and avoidance. – Psychoneuroendocrinology 103: 137-146.

Whitehead, B.R., Bergeman, C.S. (2020): Daily religious coping buffers the stress-affect relationship and benefits overall metabolic health in older adults. – Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 12(4): 393-399.

Wong, J.L., Martinez, F., Aguila, A.P., Pal, A., Aysola, R.S., Henderson, L.A., Macey, P.M. (2021): Stress in obstructive sleep apnea. – Scientific Reports 11(1): 9p.

Yang, C., Xia, M., Li, T., Zhou, Y. (2021): How do specific social supports (family, friend, and specialist) reduce stress in patients with substance use disorders: A multiple mediation analysis. – Frontiers in Psychiatry 12: 9p.

Yumnah, S., Khakim, A. (2019): Konsep dzikir menurut Amin Syukur dan relevansinya dengan tujuan pendidikan Islam. – Lisan al-Hal: Jurnal Pengembangan Pemikiran dan Kebudayaan 13(1): 97-118.




How to Cite